Animal Behavior and Livestock Systems Research

ISA Lille’s CASE (Comportement Animal et Systèmes d’Élevage) research unit performs scientific and applied research on the behavior and welfare of livestock (cattle, pigs, poultry).

The main goals are to improve housing and management conditions in order to increase animal welfare and better understand the adaptation strategies of farm animals to their environment. Due to our well-developed programs, our researchers have several research projects with national and international partners. The CASE research unit also performs training for people working in extension and development services and publishes training books on cattle behavior and welfare.

Research Topics

  • Development and implementation of on-farm animal welfare monitoring systems (dairy cattle, veal calves, laying hens)
  • Behavioral adaptation of dairy cows to management practices
  • Improvement of cattle housing conditions : integration of the animal needs
  • Free range use of laying hens/chickens : characterization, improvement strategies

Tools and Methodologies

  • Observation equipment (cameras, software)
  • National network of dairy, veal and poultry farms
  • Experimental dairy farms of partners

Publications

  • Brscic, L.F.M., Heutinck, L.F.M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Stockhofe, E.K., Visser, F., Gottardo, E.A.M., Bokkers, E.A.M., Lensink, B.J., Cozzi, G., and Van Reenen, C.G. (2011) Prevalence of gastrointestinal disorders recorded at post-mortem inspection in veal calves and associated risk factors. Journal of Dairy Science, 94(2), 853-863.
  • Brscic, L.F.M., Leruste, H., Heutinck, L.F.M., Bokkers, E.A.M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Stockhofe, E.K., Cozzi, G., Gottardo, E.A.M., Lensink, B.J., and Van Reenen, C.G. (2012) A Cross-Sectional Study of the Prevalence of Veal Calves’ Respiratory System Problems: Identification of Potential Risk Factors. Journal of Dairy Science, 95, 2753-2764.
  • Guesdon, V., Malpaux, B., Delagrange, P., Spedding, M., Cornilleau, F., Chesneau, D., Haller, J., and Chaillou, E. (2013) Rapid effects of melatonin on hormonal and behavioral stressful responses in ewes. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38(8), 1426-1434.
  • Leruste, H., Bokkers, E.A.M., Heutinck, L.F.M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Van der Werf, J.T.N., Brscic, L.F.M., Cozzi, G., Van Reenen, C.G., and Lensink, B.J. (2012) Evaluation of on-farm veal calves’ reactions to humans and potential influencing factors. Animal, 6(12), 2003-2010.
  • Leruste, H., Bokkers, E.A.M., Sergent, M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Van Reenen, C.G., and Lensink, B.J. (2013) Effects of the observation method (direct versus from video) and of the presence of an observer on behavioural results in veal calves. Animal, 7(11), 1858-1864.
  • Leruste, H., Brscic, L.F.M., Cozzi, G., Kemp, B., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Lensink, B.J., Bokkers, E.A.M., and Van Reenen, C.G. (2014) Prevalence and potential influencing factors of non-nutritive oral behaviors of veal calves on commercial farms. Journal of Dairy Science, in press.
  • Leruste, H., Brscic, L.F.M., Heutinck, L.F.M., Visser, F., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Bokkers, E.A.M., Stockhofe, E.K., Cozzi, G., Gottardo, E.A.M., Lensink, B.J., and Van Reenen, C.G. (2012) The relationship between clinical signs of respiratory system disorders and lung lesions at slaughter in veal calves. Preventive Veterinary Medecine, 105(1-2), 93-100.
  • Siivonen, J., Hänninen, L., Taponen, S., Hovinen, M., Pastell, M., Lensink, B.J., and Pyörälä, S. (2011) Impact of acute endotoxin mastitis on cow behaviour. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 132, 101-106.
  • Vasseur, E., Pellerin, D., De Passillé, A.M., Winckler, C., Lensink, B.J., Knierim, U., and Rushen, J. (2012) Assessing the welfare of dairy calves: outcome-based measures of calf health 3 versus input-based measures of the use of risky management practices. Animal welfare, 21, 77-86.
  • Bizeray, D., Godebert, J., Rodriguez, C., and Lensink, B.J. (2013) L’accès au pâturage influence-t-il le bien-être des vaches laitières traites au robot ? In 20èmes Journées Rencontres Recherche Ruminants, Paris (France).
  • Bizeray, D., and Lensink, B.J. (2013) How age of automatic milking system and type of cow circulation impact production parameters. In 64th EAAP Congress, Nantes (France).
  • Bosquet, M., Flament, B., and Lensink, B.J. (2012) Comparaison de deux systèmes de bâtiments d’élevage bovin laitier. In Biennale des conseillers de bâtiments d’élevage, Eppe-Sauvage.
  • Bosquet, M., Flament, B., and Lensink, B.J. (2012) Comparaison de deux systèmes de bâtiments d’élevage bovin laitier avec logettes : aires d’exercice bétonnées raclées et aire d’exercice sur caillebotis intégral. In 19èmes Journées Rencontres Recherche Ruminants, Paris.
  • Cayez, C., Guesdon, V., Leruste, H., and Lensink, B.J. (2014) Commercial free-range systems for laying hens: some characteristics of nests lead to behavioural disruptions. In 48th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE), Vitoria-Gasteiz (Espagne).
  • Lensink, B.J. (2012) Les enjeux et priorités en matière de bien-être animal par rapport aux bâtiments d’élevage. In Séminaire RMT « bâtiments d’élevage du futur », Paris, France.
  • Lensink, B.J. (2012) Stockage des déjections – situation aux Pays-Bas. In Biennale des conseillers de bâtiments d’élevage, Eppe-Sauvage.
  • Leruste, H., Brscic, L.F.M., Cozzi, G., Lensink, B.J., Bokkers, E.A.M., and Van Reenen, C.G. (2014) Can welfare assessment and risk factor analysis contribute to welfare improvements in veal calves? In 6th Int. Workshop on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level, WAFL, Clermont-Ferrand (France).
  • Meunier-Salaün, M.C., Dourmad, J.Y., Brossard, L., Bailiard, A., Lescop, N., Marien, A., Sergent, O., Serrurier, F., Leruste, H., and Lensink, B.J. (2013) Innovative process for developing welfare-friendly alternatives to the farrowing crate in pigs. In 64th EAAP Congress, Nantes (France).
  • Topart, M., Bosquet, M., Flament, B., and Lensink, B.J. (2012) Emanations gazeuses en élevage laitier : problèmes de corrosion dans l’espace traiteIn Biennale des conseillers de bâtiments d’élevage, Eppe-Sauvage.
  • Topart, M., Flament, B., and Lensink, B.J. (2013) La corrosion des équipements de salle de traite pour vaches laitières : le mélange du lisier avec les eaux blanches en cause ? In 20èmes Journées Rencontres Recherche Ruminants, Paris (France).
  • Vasseur, E., Pellerin, D., De Passillé, A.M., Winckler, C., Lensink, B.J., Knierim, U., and Rushen, J. (2011) Assessing the welfare of dairy calves: outcome-based measures of calf health versus input-based measures of the use of risky management practices. In 5th Int. Workshop on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level, WAFL, University of Guelph (Canada).
  • Vasseur, E., Pellerin, D., de Passillé, A.M., Winckler, C., Lensink, B.J., Knierim, U., and Rushen, J. (2011) Calf mortality and morbidity in Central Europe and Canada: Comparative Incidence, Producers’ Estimates and Management Practices. In 29th Western Canadian Dairy Seminar, Red Deer (Canada).
  • Leruste, H. (2014) Assessing welfare of veal calves on farms – Measures of behaviour and respiratory disorders and potential ways for welfare improvement. Wageningen university.
  • Leruste, H., and Lensink, B.J. (2014) Veaux. In Les filières animales françaises. Caractéristiques, enjeux et perspectives (T.D.E. Lavoisier, ed: Collection Synthèse Agricole, pp 119-140.

Scientific and Professional Partnerships

National:

  • INRA (National Center forAgronomic research)
  • Institut de l’Elevage (Institut for applied ruminant research)
  • ITAVI (Institute for applied poultry research)
  • Chamber of Agriculture (Farm extension services)

International:

  • Wageningen University and Research (Netherlands)
  • University of Padova (Italy)
  • Swedish University of Life Sciences (Sweden)
  • ILVO Gent (Belgium)
  • ESALQ – University of Sao Paolo (Brazil)

Human Resources

  • 4 Lecturer-Researchers (PhD)
  • MSc and Doctoral students
Head of Research Unit

Vanessa Guesdon
+33 3 28 38 14 30 vanessa.guesdon@yncrea.fr